The infertile period

The infertile period

The infertile period is characterized by the time interval between 2 ovulations of the menstrual cycle. When you are out of ovulatory days it is called that you are in infertility. Although theoretically there is no chance of getting pregnant during this period, doctors warn that you can get a pregnancy anytime in your menstrual cycle if you have unprotected sexual contact.

The menstrual cycle is characterized by several changes that occur monthly in the body of the woman. It usually lasts 28 days and is calculated from day 1 of the first menstruation until day 1 of the next menstruation. Its duration varies from one woman to another, not all have a regular menstrual cycle of 28 days, but a cycle between 21 and 35 days is considered normal.

Phases of the menstrual cycle

There are several phases of the menstrual cycle:

  • menstruation period (vaginal bleeding lasting between 2 and 7 days);

  • follicular phase (in this period the ovarian follicle prepares and develops the ovule that will be eliminated during the ovulation period - it corresponds to the infertile period);

  • ovulatory phase (it lasts about 3 days - every month an egg is released from the ovarian follicle, which, if not fertilized in order to obtain a pregnancy, is eliminated - it is considered a fertile period);

  • luteal phase (after 3 days after ovulation the chances of becoming pregnant are almost zero, but there is still a small risk of becoming pregnant if a second ovulation occurs, which happens quite rarely).

Determination of the unfortunate period

The infertile period or follicular phase begins as early as 1 day of the menstrual cycle (that is, after the installation of menstruation) and ends at the beginning of the ovulation period of the woman (about the 14th day, if you have a regular cycle of 28 days).

The calculation of the fertile period or ovulation is essential for the establishment of the infertile period in a menstrual cycle.

  • At a stable cycle of 28 days, ovulation occurs on the 14th day, being considered as the first day of the menstrual cycle on day 1;

  • At a stable cycle of 29 days, ovulation occurs on the 15th day;

  • At 30 days ovulation occurs on day 16, and so on.

The importance of the unfortunate period

Identifying the unfortunate period within a menstrual cycle is essential in order to avoid an unwanted pregnancy. Many women use the "calendar method" as a method of contraception. This is based on unprotected sexual contacts outside the fertile period, ie ovulation. However, it is one of the rather risky contraceptive methods, because there is the possibility of getting the pregnancy throughout the menstrual cycle, in all 3 phases of it.

Chances of becoming pregnant during the infertility period

Obtaining a pregnancy during the infertile period is quite difficult and depends on several essential factors:

  • male fertility (the healthier and fertile the partner, the more sperm they live longer in the vagina and can reach the ovulation period of the woman; for example, if you have unprotected sex 3 days before reaching the maximum ovulation threshold, if the man is extremely fertile, then sperm can survive for 5-7 days and fertilize the egg;

  • the length of the menstrual cycle (if it is very short, then the infertile period is shorter);

  • if the menstrual cycle is irregular (because the ovulatory period is difficult to determine);

  • if you have unprotected sex near the fertile period;

  • if you have abundant cervical mucus and partially open cervix.

Tags Fertile period cycle Menstrual cycle Ovulation Calculation of fertile period Fertile period women