How do you teach the child to tell the time?
There comes a time in the childhood of every child where the clock becomes one of the challenges that must be overcome. It depends on you whether it will make it simpler or harder. Although modern technology is invading us more and more with digital clocks, do not hesitate to teach the chicks how to read an analog clock. The charm of reading the clock consists of those tongues that move continuously on the dial. Don't deprive him of it!
Children do not have a perception of time as parents do. They need to be helped to understand the time, to appreciate the durations, to learn the moments of the day and especially to read the clock to form an idea of time and its passage. Although it is simpler to put a digital clock in front of it and read some figures, learning the basics and reading an analog clock will help the child to understand how it works and what role an concept so abstract as time and his passing.
The child will gradually learn to read the clock. He will not be able to assimilate at once, half hours or quarters. He will process this information gradually, and the specialists argue that at the end of the preschool period, that is, before entering the school benches, the child can read these notions accurately. From 5-6 years he will be able to clearly indicate the hours and maybe even half an hour, and starting with the school age he will succeed in identifying clearly the quarters.
Before you start to teach him how to read the clock make sure your little one knows the numbers well enough. These are the main tools you will work with throughout this process.
If you can talk to them theoretically about seconds, minutes, hours and days and about their rotations, the little one will not be able to assimilate much. That is why it is essential that your theory be accompanied by a practical part. Talk to them about seconds, minutes, showing them on a large clock how it works. You can also explain with the help of an earth globe of toys (without going into too many details) why the clock has 12 hours on it, how the globe spins and how half is day and the other half night.
The best way for your little one to understand how the clock works exactly is to build it together while explaining what each component is: do not forget the languages for seconds, minutes and hours (color them differently), a cardboard, pencils, etc. Make a big enough clock to record the 12 hours (let him dictate). Then he infects each needle of the clock in its place by clearly explaining the role of each one (even asking him after explaining to him why each language is in part to make sure he understood). Draw it as fun and colorful!
Then show him how the clock works: how the rotations of the clock needles work, what happens (that minute forms and marks his passing). But you do not enjoy it all at once. Allow some time to pass between an explanation of the role of the minute until you switch to the language that marks the hours. The break can consist of even a few days, during which time you always ask him to repeat what is happening with the secondary or the timetable to better retain his information.
After you make sure the little boy has understood how the clock works, it's time to help him understand what the exact time means. Explain that each time the timer reaches the highest point of the 12th digit, then it is the exact time. You must explain in advance that the hour has a full 60 minute rotation. The time is right next to which is the specific needle for the hours.
You should not try to force the note. If your little one manages to identify in the first phase the time of day is sufficient for the beginning. Don't try to learn too many things at once. The next step is to teach him how to count up to half and identify the quarters.
Show the clock how if you draw a line next to the number 12 it reaches number 6 and that figure means that half an hour has passed. Then divide it into 4 dial to help it identify the quarters more easily. All this is learned in time and with great patience on your part!
Do not let any day pass without teaching the child how to read the clock. However, do not overdo it with the time devoted to these lessons. It should not last more than 20 minutes, because the little ones do not have enough patience to keep their focus on what you want to say.
Practice with him by asking him to read various hours that you set in advance and help him when he misunderstands where he is doing it. Compliment him when he manages to read correctly.
Tags Children watch reading Children time perception Children development