In detail

Vaccinations recommended during pregnancy

Vaccinations recommended during pregnancy

The vaccine is the safest way to protect yourself from infections with extremely dangerous bacteria and viruses, some even deadly. While many of them are made in childhood, some are recommended during pregnancy to protect you and your child from serious health problems. But not every vaccine is safe and effective in pregnancy.

Vaccination during pregnancy

Vaccines during pregnancy must follow an essential rule to be safe for the fetus: not to contain live or activated viruses. In general, pregnancy immunizations are done with inactive virus because they do not present risks to the fetus. Only in exceptional cases is vaccination with activated virus recommended.

How do vaccines work?

Viruses and bacteria are serious dangers to the body. They can invade the human body and cause a lot of extremely dangerous infections. When the infection starts, the body produces antibodies that fight against the infection and its spread in the body. In many situations, when the body has created antibodies to a virus or bacterium, those individuals become immune to the infection in question. This means that you cannot contract the disease again.

Vaccines generally contain an extremely low dose of the microorganism (bacteria or virus) that causes the infection. Some of these microorganisms are active (live) or inactive in vaccines. They are not a danger when they are administered, because even when they are active, they are too weak to trigger the disease. Their administration helps the body create antibodies against the disease without ever manifesting it.

Safe and recommended vaccines during pregnancy

Influenza Vaccine

If you are pregnant during the flu season more than ever, doctors recommend getting the flu shot. This period mainly refers to the cold season and extends between November and March. Pregnant women who develop a flu pregnancy are more at risk of developing complications than others. An example is pneumonia. The recommendation includes both seasonal influenza vaccine and swine flu vaccine. Since 2010 they will no longer be separated, because the seasonal flu vaccine will integrate the strain of the swine flu virus.

Also read: The flu vaccine during pregnancy protects your baby

Hepatitis B vaccine

If you are pregnant and have an increased risk of developing the disease, but you have been tested and the result was negative, then vaccination against hepatitis B is recommended during pregnancy. It protects both the mother and the fetus from this infection.

Also read: Hepatitis B vaccine

Vaccine against Tetanus and Diphtheria

This combination of vaccinations (DT) is recommended in pregnancy, if those pregnant women did not immunize against them before becoming pregnant. This immunization is indicated because the fetus may be infected at birth or during labor due to specific surgical maneuvers at birth. In this way, neonatal tetanus is avoided.

Also read: Vaccines prohibited during pregnancy

Hepatitis A vaccine

It is not a common vaccine, often recommended during pregnancy. But if the woman is at increased risk of developing the disease, it is safer to administer the vaccine in pregnancy than to get the disease. Most doctors argue that the risks of fetal exposure to infection are greater than the side effects of the hepatitis A vaccine in pregnancy. However, before giving you such a vaccine during the gestation period, it is advisable to balance with both the doctor the positive effects as well as the risks.

Also read: Hepatitis A vaccination

Pneumococcal vaccine

This vaccine is not usually recommended in pregnancy, because its side effects on the fetus are still unknown. Some doctors recommend it to pregnant women who are at high risk of developing the disease. The purpose of vaccination with a pneumococcal vaccine is to prevent invasive pneumonia, extremely dangerous, with an increased risk of death.

Vaccines against polio and yellow fever

These are immunizations - the exception. They are usually contraindicated in pregnancy. Their administration to pregnant women is done only if the risk of infection is maximum. The one against yellow fever is only done if the pregnant woman goes to a country at risk of infection.

Rabies vaccination

The rabies or rabies vaccine is not a pregnancy hazard and can be given in case the pregnant woman is bitten by an infected animal.

Vaccines prohibited during pregnancy

There are a number of vaccines contraindicated during pregnancy, under any conditions. In these cases there is no possibility of immunization no matter how high the risk of developing the disease in pregnant women. The consequences on the fetus are far too serious to administer the vaccine. And for some of them, doctors have too little data on side effects on pregnancy and are not at risk of administering the vaccine. Those contraindicated in pregnancy are for diseases such as:

  • measles;
  • mumps;
  • rubella;
  • chickenpox;
  • smallpox;
  • poliomyelitis;
  • tuberculosis etc.

Tags Health Pregnancy