The ideal food, especially for the newborn, is breast milk. This is the most complete food, containing all the necessary nutrients, in an adequate proportion, adapted to the reduced digestive possibilities of the baby. Breast feeding is the best way to satisfy all the nutritional needs in the first 6 months of life of the baby.
The optimal breastfeeding period is one year, experts say. Doctors argue that this is the optimal range to ensure the immunity of infants.
The advantages of breastfeeding
The main advantages of breast milk for children:
• Contains antibodies, substances that help protect the baby from infections, until his or her immune system matures;
• It is easy to digest, which makes the baby more free from digestive problems (abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation);
• It is free of allergic factors, which reduces the risk of allergic problems, such as asthma, eczema;
• Recent studies have shown that breast feeding can help children genetically susceptible to the prevention of type 1 diabetes (juvenile diabetes);
• It is fresh and practically free from bacteria, has the optimum temperature, does not require preparation and does not cost anything;
• Naturally nourished infants have better dental development than those artificially fed.
Breast feeding, besides all the benefits it has for the baby, is beneficial for the mother. Breastfeeding at the breast can be a supreme reward for caring for the baby, the moments of breastfeeding leading to the creation of a deep relationship between the mother and
Natural nutrition helps to retract the uterus and return it faster to normal, as well as lower the risk of developing breast cancer in the mother.
Breastfeeding after Caesarean section
You will receive medicines in the first days after the surgery, which usually suit breastfeeding mothers. At most, they will cause drowsiness to your child. The advantage of painkillers is that they will help you relax long enough to be able to breastfeed and stimulate milk production.
Although a Caesarean section exhausts you, it is vital to breastfeed every 2-3 hours to prevent breastfeeding.
How to properly breastfeed
Before breastfeeding, the mother will wash her breasts well with soap and water, then sit comfortably in a relaxed position. The correct positioning of the baby is also extremely important for the breastfeeding to develop successfully: a well-positioned baby will catch the nipple in the mouth, but also most of the areola.
Breastfeeding will be done whenever he is hungry, not after a schedule. Each baby forms their hunger rhythm differently and it is wrong to set the child a fixed meal schedule and the administration of sugary tea between them. The newborn and the baby do not need additional water, the need for fluids being provided only through breast milk.
In the first 2-3 weeks, breastfeeding is done at about 2-3 hours, but as the baby grows he will eat more at each meal and the interval between meals will become longer. At 3 months, the baby will probably arrive at a meal schedule of about 4 hours, with 5 meals a day, plus one or two meals at night.
It is important for the baby to be allowed to finish sucking from one breast before moving to the other. At the same table he will be given to suck from the emptied breast to the previous table, then he will be given from the other breast.
Only completely emptied breasts are stimulated to produce milk. Sugar is not a car and you cannot impose a fixed amount of milk. Sometimes it sucks more, sometimes less. It is considered that the mother has enough milk and that the baby consumes an adequate amount of milk if the baby:
• increases in weight (upward weight curve);
• is lively, with a firm muscular tone;
• is satisfied and quiet after sucking;
• wet at least 6 times in 24 hours, without additional liquid intake.
Common breastfeeding and diseases
Some women think that if they are sick, they should not breastfeed at all. What they do not know is that common diseases such as colds, flu or diarrhea cannot be contacted by the baby through milk. In fact, it is advisable to breastfeed because if you are ill your milk will have antibodies that will protect the baby against the same disease.
However, there are contraindications regarding breastfeeding, depending on the mother's problems.
Some mothers encounter the problem of the bulging nipple, often confused with the flat nipple. In this case it is advisable not to use baby bottles and socks, to arouse the baby's interest in the mother's breast.
The opinions of the specialists
"Colostrum is the mother's milk from the first days after birth and it has a different composition from that of the mature milk (milk that is produced after these first days and persists throughout the lactation period) being adapted to the particular needs of the newborn in its first days. of life.
Colostrum contains more protein than mature milk and a number of substances that play an important role at this age, such as an amino acid called taurine - which enhances lipid uptake and promotes colonization of the intestine with lactobacillus bifidus (the newborn's gut is sterile at birth, but for to be able to digest milk under need of these lactobacilli).
So colostrum is suitable for the newborn and not for a 2-month-old baby. On the other hand, you give the baby frozen milk, the 2-month old is next to useless (because freezing destroys most of the protein) and risky, because most likely that milk is already contaminated with various microbes and you can cause the gastro baby - severe enteritis.
In the case of breast feeding, when the mother is away for a few hours or a day at home, the milk milked under strict hygiene conditions, can be stored in sterile bottles in the refrigerator (Not in the freezer!) For up to 24 hours and will be boiled before to be offered to the baby. "
What moms say about breastfeeding
Mothers believe that lactation was stimulated in their case by the consumption of non-alcoholic beer and that their milk was healthy because they avoided the cakes, the vegetables and the fermenting fruits, the cream of cakes and consumed boiled or roasted meat, cheese and yogurts and drink milk and liquids in general.
In isolated cases, the pediatrician explained the appearance of an irritation to the bottom of the baby through something that had consumed the mother and passed into milk and recommended the use of an ointment.
Mothers are of the opinion that you should not find an excuse for not going to work and not recommend breast pumps, so that the baby has some milk and when the mother is not.
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