A new baby vaccine
Pneumococcal infections: the most exposed are babies. In the absence of proper treatment or in the case of resistance to treatment, denudation can be fatal. Recently, a vaccine was authorized on the Romanian market to prevent the occurrence of these infections. It should be mentioned that in Western Europe, the deaths of children caused by respiratory tract diseases are less, being considered preventable deaths. Pneumococcal infections by Streptococcus pneumoniae are part of the respiratory tract disease family. Pneumococcus is the pathogen of invasive and non-invasive pneumococcal infections in children. In the category of invasive pneumococcal infections are included pneumonia, meningitis and bacteremia.
Pneumonia starts with fever over 39 degrees Celsius, chills, cough, chest jerk. The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae is mainly responsible for meningitis in children between two and 12 months. In the category of noninvasive pneumococcal infections include acute otitis media, sinusitis and bronchitis, diseases more common in nurseries and kindergartens. The pneumococcus is transmitted by air from one person to another through sneezing, coughing or by direct contact with the carrier of the pathogen. The incidence of these infections is higher in winter and spring.
Since December last year, the National Medicines Agency has authorized the placing on the market of our country the multivalent pneumococcal (Prevenar) vaccine. It is indicated for children between two months and two years, but also for children between two and five years who have not been previously vaccinated. It is a pneumococcal vaccine that provides protection of the child against diseases such as meningitis, bacteremia (presence of bacteria in the blood) and bacteremia pneumonia, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae certain serotypes. The vaccine is injected into the muscles and helps the body produce its own antibodies, which protect the baby from these diseases. Like all vaccines, it can also cause some side effects. Normally, the child is given four doses at different dates.
Read the whole article in: National Journal
Photo: Larry Williams-CORBIS-PHOTOLAND
March 2, 2007