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Menstrual cycle

Menstrual cycle


Menstrual cycle represents the period between two menstruations. Women are advised to mark in a calendar the date that corresponds to the first day of bleeding (the first day of menstruation). The first day of the menstrual cycle corresponds to the first day of bleeding from menstruation. The menstrual cycle usually lasts 28 days, but in some women it can be normally shorter or longer (up to 35 days).

Ovulation occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle. Many women know the period of ovulation because they have regular menstrual cycles and feel the specific pain of releasing unfertilized eggs from the ovary. A normal menstrual cycle, a menstruation with normal characteristics, are the most likely evidence of ovulation. On the other hand, irregular menstrual cycles, too long or too short, menstruation too abundant or too quantitative may suggest a disorder of ovulation.

There are several types of tests that indicate the presence of ovulation and the exact period in which ovulation occurs. The dosage of progesterone in the blood can confirm the existence of ovulation in a menstrual cycle.

progesterone is a hormone secreted by the ovary during a normal menstrual cycle.
Obviously, his level drops in the second part of the menstrual cycle if the pregnancy does not occur.

A simple and cost-free method for assessing the time of ovulation is temperature measurement. Because the temperature varies during a day, it is recommended that its measurement be done early in the morning, at the same time. It is best to note for a month, every day (if you have a regular cycle), how many degrees the thermometer indicated. Usually the temperature is lower before ovulation and higher during it. Although this method is not perfect, it provides fairly accurate directions.

Another method of determining the time of ovulation is the cervical mucus method, which is less used today.

Today it is preferred to use ovulation tests. In pharmacies there are ovulation tests that can accurately pinpoint the time of ovulation and can guide you on when to have sexual contact to conceive a baby.

A very faithful method for assessing the time of ovulation is follicular monitoring by ultrasound. This is done only in the offices of specialist doctors and involves serial ultrasound, at intervals of several days by which the presence of a follicle and its growth up to the moment of ovulation is monitored.

Examination of the uterus

Physical examination during a gynecological consultation allows the doctor to observe the uterus. It can identify possible problems of the uterus and the attachments (horns and ovaries) such as, fibroids, or ovarian cysts bigger.
For a more accurate diagnosis it is recommended the ultrasound examination, the most faithful with the probe inserted vaginally - transvaginal ultrasound. The examination involves the introduction of a protective vaginal probe inside the vagina for optimal visualization of the female genital organs. Although it is slightly unpleasant, the exam provides the doctor with valuable information about your health. On the ultrasound screen you can see the uterus and the attachments, ovaries and horns.
Sometimes it is necessary to introduce a fluid into the uterus to perform the ultrasound test. This method is called histerosonografie with saline solution and provides accurate information on the causes of abnormal bleeding. Hysterosonography is not used routinely, but only in specific cases, especially in couples with fertility problems.

Many conditions can be diagnosed using ultrasound diagnostic methods.

Bleeding after birth

Often, at the beginning of labor, the pregnant woman removes a fluid of mucus consistency and which contains blood streaks. It indicates dilation of the cervix and has a reddish color.

At birth, the pregnant woman normally loses between 500-1000 ml of blood.
After birth, there is a period when the fresh mother removes the sludge. These are bloody leaks, at first they are more abundant, but in the days and weeks after birth they gradually decrease and then disappear. Doctors should supervise the woman in the postpartum period and for the evolution of sludge leakage.

Restoration of menstruation

The time of the onset of menstruation, in the case of women who have given birth, is closely linked to breastfeeding the baby. If a baby is breastfed from the beginning, ovulation and menstruation can occur after 4-6 weeks after birth.
In the case of women who naturally feed their children, ovulation is delayed, but it is not missing. This is why you need to adopt a contraceptive method if you are sexually active after birth. For breastfeeding women there are special contraceptives. These are recommended when the breastfeeding woman starts her sex life again.

Tags Cycle after birth Cycle forum Breastfeeding and menstruation