Oral ailments in children - what they are and how we can treat them

Oral ailments in children - what they are and how we can treat them

One of the conditions that can send us to the dental office is extreme, found in about 20% of the population, both adults (more frequent in women), but also children. Usually, it appears for the first time in childhood or adolescence, being more frequent in women than in men. Fortunately, the disease is not contagious, so it cannot spread from one person to another.

Afta appears as a superficial ulceration of a yellow-white color, surrounded by a reddish area and located on the lips, the edges of the tongue and under the tongue, the inside of the cheeks, the soft palate, the gold-pharynx. Sores are usually very painful at chewing, swallowing or even speaking, being accompanied by increased saliva flow and, sometimes, by increasing the volume of the surrounding lymph nodes.

In 80-85% of cases the mild form of this condition is encountered, manifested by ulcerations of up to 1 cm in diameter, with smooth edges, with round or elongated shape, which heals in 7-10 days, without leaving scars.

In a more serious form, in 5-10% of cases, the apha has dimensions of 2-3 cm, is usually unique, but may occur even more simultaneously, the edges are irregular, and the healing may take 6 weeks, maybe even months, leaving a scar behind. Often the symptoms may recur after several days or months.

Facilitating factors

It has been found that the occurrence of these disorders is favored by factors that act locally, such as trauma, spices, acidic and irritant foods - vinegar, lemon, peanuts, honey, chocolate, tooth rash, toothbrush change, sodium lauryl sulfate from the composition of some pastes of teeth, xerostomia (decrease of saliva).

Generally favorable factors are decreased immunity, stress, iron deficiency, folic acid, B12 travel, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory administration, pregnancy, menstruation, viruses, gastrointestinal disorders (gluten intolerance, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, celiac disease). , hyperthyroidism, rheumatic diseases, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.

Treatment of foot-and-mouth disease

The treatment of wounds is mainly aimed at alleviating the pain and disinfecting the area and consists of applying gels containing anesthetics, disinfectants, anti-inflammatories. Chlorhexidine mouthwash reduces bacteria in the mouth, but should not be used for more than 3 weeks, as there is a risk of yellowish staining.

In more severe cases the administration of folic acid, iron, vitamin B12, anti-inflammatory drugs in general. can only be done after the diagnosis of general favorable diseases, however. The specialist doctor is the one who can recommend the right treatment after consulting the small patient, establishing the diagnosis.

Article written by Dr. Mihaela Dan, orthodontic specialist Orto-Implant Expert

Tags Afte buccal Afte buccal baby